New York City, NY | March 4-7, 2015
Concerns of the Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Recently, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have become a popular tool in modern warfare. UAVs, also commonly referred to as drones, are revolutionizing conventional military tactics. These autonomously operated aircraft are equipped with computers and sensors, thus eliminating the need for a human pilot, and they have become common in militaries around the world over the last few decades. UAVs have the advantage of being able to fly through hazardous climates and low altitudes without any risk to human life. Their surveillance and targeting capabilities also make them militarily effective. The low risk and high rewards they provide have made UAVs a central fixture in current military tactics. UAVs are now commonly being used for non-military purposes as well. In Africa and Latin America, surveillance UAVs are used to combat issues such as drug trafficking and deforestation. States have also utilized UAVs in humanitarian missions, thus positively contributing to international society. Thus, the versatility of UAVs presents the international community with a tool that can greatly contribute to military and non-military uses.
However, this calls for the international community to collaborate together to regulate their use to ensure they do not become a threat to the very security and stability this committee was built to protect. Regardless of the purpose for which UAVs are used, the First Committee needs to tackle issues such as a lack of transparency and a lack of specific legislation on this topic in order to ensure that the use of UAVs does not create international contention.
Establishing a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in the Middle East
Since the development of nuclear weapons, the UN has taken steps to halt the production of this weaponry. The UN began creating Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones (NWFZs) in the 1960s, as a way of curbing the threat of nuclear technology. NWFZs designate specific regions as free from the weaponization of nuclear technology, meaning that these areas cannot house or create such weapons. The First Committee has been in charge of facilitating the creation of these zones. The Middle East has seen an escalation of conflict within the past few decades. The region has experienced social unrest like the Arab Spring and political issues such as the conflict between Israel and Gaza. Establishing a NWFZ in this region has become an urgent matter due to the escalation of violence among Middle Eastern countries. However, many countries in the area, like Iran and Israel, have expressed opposition to such a proposal. Other countries also oppose the establishment of a NWFZ, the distrust among countries in the region spurring potential proliferation. Israel’s ambiguous stance on nuclear technology and Iran’s nuclear program are both indications that a NWFZ in the region could curb the threat of nuclear warfare. The establishment of a NWFZ would bring security to this region, as far as nuclear technology is concerned. Member states in the First Committee will examine the damage that nuclear use has had on society and work together to curb this threat through the establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East.
National High School Model United Nations 2015 | New York City, NY
No posts to display.
This Nonprofit Drupal web design by Green Bird Media, Inc. All Content © 2012 IMUNA