Algeria is located in northern Africa, right next to Libya and above Mali, and spans across 2.5 million square miles. Algeria was originally part of the Ottoman empire, where it enjoyed a fair degree of autonomy. In the early 1800s Algeria was conquered by Imperial France and it remained a colony until after the Algerian War (1954-1962). Algeria declared independence in July 1962. The freedoms enjoyed by the new republic lasted less than a year. In 1963 the military took over the government, and has retained power to this day. The government espouses Islam and no laws may be passed that do not adhere to its tenets. However, these measures are insufficient for a fraction of society. In the 1990s the government was engaged in a bloody civil war with militant islamic factions. Protests occur with relative frequency. Despite ongoing efforts to liberalize society and improve the economy, the society is still characterized by a high cost of living, corruption, inadequate employment opportunities, sub-par housing, and a lack of political and societal freedoms. These challenges are pressing, given that more than a quarter of the population is under the age of 15.

General Information
Official Name: 
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبيةا (Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah), Tagduda Tadzayrit Tugduyant Tagherfant
Capitol: 
Algiers
Population: 
38,700,000
Languages: 
Arabic, French
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
2,381,741
Year of UN Membership: 
1962
Year of Present State Formation: 
1963
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$219.453 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$7,816 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
3.10 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.72
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
35.30
Unemployment: 
9.80%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Arab Group
Islamic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ABEDA: Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
AfDB: African Development Bank
AFESD: Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AMF: Arab Monetary Fund
AMU: Arab Maghreb Union
AU: African Union
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CAEU: Council of Arab Economic Unity
CD: Community of Democracies
G-15
G-24
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAS/AL: League of Arab States, aka Arab League
OAPEC: Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAS: Organization of American States
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
326 East 48th Street
New York, NY 10017
(212) 750-1960/1962/1965/1966
(212) 759-9538/5274
mission@algeria-un.org
Profile Completion: 

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