Belgium, officially titled the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal monarchy in Western Europe. Balancing the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to several linguistic groups, with most of its citizens speaking Dutch, French, and German. Covering an area of about 30,538 square kilometers, the Kingdom of Belgium has a population of approximately 11 million people. Belgium is surrounded by the Netherlands, France, Luxembourg, and Germany, and ultimately declared their independence from the Netherlands in 1830 with the Belgian Revolution. Occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II, Belgium has experienced a significant economic boom during the past 50 years to become a model for Western European liberal democracy. However, there is a growing divide between the Dutch-speaking north and the French-speaking south.

General Information
Official Name: 
Kingdom of Belgium, Koninkrijk België, Royaume de Belgique, Königreich Belgien
Capitol: 
Brussels
Population: 
11,191,000
Languages: 
Dutch, French, German
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
30,528
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1831
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$534.775 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$38,826 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
0.10 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.88
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
26.30
Unemployment: 
8.60%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
European Community
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
AfDB: African Development Bank
Australia Group
Benelux
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECB: European Central Bank
EIB: European Investment Bank
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
EMU: European Monetary Union
ESA: European Space Agency
EU: European Union
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
G-9
G-10
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Paris Club
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Schengen Convention
SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center
WCO: World Customs Organization
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
One Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza, 885 Second Avenue, 41st Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 378-6300
(212) 681-7618
newyorkun@diplobel.fed.be
Nearest Transit Stop: 
Grand Central 42nd Street
Profile Completion: 

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