The country of Bhutan is a 14,824 square mile landlocked country in South Asia, geographically located eastward of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by China to the north and by India in all other directions. Bhutan is one of the few countries in history that has remained independent since its formation. Additionally, Bhutan is the only country to have officially adopted gross national happiness as the main development indicator. In 2007 Bhutan’s governmental structure reformed from the Indo-Bhutan Treaty of 1949 to a constitutional monarchy under rule of its current King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay. As a part of this new structure, its lawmaking bodies are controlled by the Upper and Lower house, alternatively referred to as the National Council and National assembly.

General Information
Official Name: 
Kingdom of Bhutan, འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ (Dzongkha)
Capitol: 
Thimphu
Population: 
746,000
Languages: 
Dzongkha
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
38,394
Year of UN Membership: 
1971
Year of Present State Formation: 
1885
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$2.037 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$6,864 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
5.80 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.58
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
38.70
Unemployment: 
2.10%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
Least Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
BIMSTEC: Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
CP: Colombo Plan
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SACEP: South Asia Co-operative Environment Program
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
IMF: International Monetary Fund
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
343 East 43rd Street
New York, NY 10017
(212) 682-2268
(212) 661-0551
bhutan@un.int
Nearest Transit Stop: 
Grand Central 42nd Street
Profile Completion: 

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