Bosnia and Herzegovina, a recently formed nation-state, claimed sovereignty in October of 1991, dissociating itself from the former Yugoslavia. Situated in the Balkans, it exists between Croatia, and Serbia and Montenegro, but with very little access to the Adriatic given Croatian coastal control. The country has no conventional long form for its name, simply being referred to in all cases as Bosnia and Herzegovina. The government is an emerging federal democratic republic, functioning with universal suffrage and under the civil law syndrome. The country is small both in terms of geographic and population size, being the 129th largest country in both respects.
General Information
Official Name: 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Босна и Херцеговина
Capitol: 
Sarajevo
Population: 
3,871,000
Languages: 
Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
51,209
Year of UN Membership: 
1991
Year of Present State Formation: 
1992
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$18.122 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$8,590 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
0.80 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.73
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
36.20
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Eastern European Group
Islamic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
CEI: Central European Initiative
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
OAS: Organization of American States
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PFP: Partnership for Peace
SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
420 Lexington Avenue, Suites 607 & 608
New York, NY 10017
(212) 751-9015
(212) 751-9019
bihun@mfa.gov.ba
Profile Completion: 

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