Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) in size. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. Its capital is Ouagadougou. Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Its government structure is a military junta. Burkina Faso's high population growth and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens.

General Information
Official Name: 
Burkina Faso
Capitol: 
Ouagadougou
Population: 
17,200,000
Languages: 
French, native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
272,967
Year of UN Membership: 
1960
Year of Present State Formation: 
1960
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$13.598 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$1,667 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
6.50 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.39
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
39.50
Unemployment: 
3.10%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
Least Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Islamic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AU: African Union
CD: Community of Democracies
ECOWAS: Economic Community of West African States
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
Entente
FZ: Franc Zone
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
WADB: West African Development Bank
WAEMU: West African Economic and Monetary Union
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNISFA: UN Interim Security Force for Abyei
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 326
New York, NY 10017
(212) 308-4720/4721
(212) 308-4690
bfapm@un.net
Profile Completion: 

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