Cameroon is situated in the west Central Africa region. Known as ""Africa in miniature"", Cameroon is home to over 200 different linguistic groups. The ""Sao"" were one of the first civilisation of the country, living around Lake Chad; another notable population that inhabitated Cameroon were the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. In the 15th century, portuguese explorers renamed the area ""Rio dos Camarões"" (Shrimp River), which eventually changed into Cameroon when translated in English. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. After World War I, the territory was divided between France and Britain as League of Nations mandates.