Canada is a vast country situated above the United States and bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, North Pacific Ocean, and Arctic Ocean. Canada has 8,893 km in land boundaries, and is the second largest country by total area in the world, second only to Russia. There are ten provinces and three territories, with the majority of the population clustered along the American border. The two largest cities are Toronto and Vancouver. The country was originally founded as a compact between Aboriginal peoples, the French-speaking minority, and the English-speaking majority. The French began colonizing the country in late 15th century, followed closely by the British, who eventually gained political control over the colony. In 1867, the country gained partial independence from the British crown, and full sovereignty in 1982. Canada still maintains strong ties with the UK as part of the commonwealth. Canada's largest trading partner and ally is the United States. Today, its government is a parliamentary democracy.

General Information
Official Name: 
Canada
Capitol: 
Ottawa
Population: 
34,835,000
Languages: 
English, French
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
9,984,670
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1867
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$1,768.970 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$44,656 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
1.60 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.90
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
32.10
Unemployment: 
7.10%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
AfDB: African Development Bank
APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Arctic Council
ARF: ASEAN Regional Forum
ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CD: Community of Democracies
CDB: Caribbean Development Bank
CoEu: Council of Europe
Commonwealth of Nations (British)
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
G-10
G-20
G-7
G-8
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Pacific Alliance
Paris Club
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
PIF: Pacific Islands Forum
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINUSTAH: UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNFICYP: United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
One Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza 885 Second Avenue, 14th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 848-1100
(212) 848-1195
canada.un@international.gc.ca
Profile Completion: 

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