Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia, and is located in Northern South America. It borders the Caribbean Sea between Panama and Venezuela, and borders the North Pacific Ocean between Ecuador and Panama. Colombia emerged as an independent country following the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. With a population of 46,245,297, it is the 30th most populated country in the world. 90% of the population is Roman Catholic, while 10% identify as other. Colombia has a Republican government, and the executive branch dominates this structure.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Colombia, República de Colombia
Capitol: 
Bogotá
Population: 
46,245,297
Languages: 
Spanish
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
1,141,748
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1810
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$387.692 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$11,730 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
4.20 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.71
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
55.90
Unemployment: 
10.50%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
BCIE: Central American Bank for Economic Integration
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CAN/ACN: Andean Community of Nations
CariCom: Caribbean Community
CD: Community of Democracies
CDB: Caribbean Development Bank
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
G-3
G-24
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
MercoSur: Southern Common Market
OAS: Organization of American States
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
Pacific Alliance
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
UNASUR: Union of South American Nations
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
140 East 57th Street, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10022
(212) 355-7776
(212) 371-2813
colombia@colombiaun.org

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