Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a Latin American country located on the west coast of South America. Similar to Peru and Colombia, Ecuador was once a Spanish colony. While the country gained its independence from Spain in the Ecuadorian War of Independence (1820-1822), it was then considered territory of Gran Colombia until 1830. Economically, Ecuador relies on its petroleum exports, and despite its struggles during the 1999-2000 banking crisis, it has since then regained stability.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Ecuador, República del Ecuador
Capitol: 
Quito
Population: 
16,027,000
Languages: 
Spanish
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
276,841
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1830
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$101.332 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$10,492 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
4.00 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.71
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
48.50
Unemployment: 
4.50%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
CAN/ACN: Andean Community of Nations
CD: Community of Democracies
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
G-11
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
MercoSur: Southern Common Market
OAS: Organization of American States
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries
Pacific Alliance
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
UNASUR: Union of South American Nations
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINUSTAH: UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
866 United Nations Plaza, Room 516
New York, NY 10017
(212) 935-1680/1681
(212) 935-1835
missionecuador@nyct.net
Profile Completion: 

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