Eritrea (/ˌɛrɨˈtreɪ.ə/ or /ˌɛrɨˈtriːə/; ኤርትራ ʾErtrā ; إرتريا‎ Iritriyā), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. With a population of about 6 million, it has an area of 117,600 km2. Eritrea is a single-party state led by the People's Front for Democracy and Justice.
With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have a strategic location with a coastline along the Red Sea, across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Eritrea declared its independence from Ethiopia in 1993.

General Information
Official Name: 
State of Eritrea, ሃገረ ኤርትራ (Hagere Ertra), دولة إرتريا (Dawlat Iritriyá)
Capitol: 
Asmara
Population: 
6,537,000
Languages: 
Tigrinya, Arabic, English
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
117,600
Year of UN Membership: 
1993
Year of Present State Formation: 
1993
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$3.881 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$711 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
7.00 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.38
Unemployment: 
8.90%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Least Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AU: African Union
COMESA: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAS/AL: League of Arab States, aka Arab League
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
800 Second Avenue, 18th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 687-3390
(212) 687-3138
mission@eritrea-un.org
Profile Completion: 

View Another Country