Ethiopia (officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) is a centrally eastern African country. As Africa’s oldest independent country, it served as a symbol of African independence during the colonial period. The government is a federal parliamentary republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of the country. With a population of 86.5 million and an area of 437,794 sq miles, Ethiopia is the second largest African nation. It is bordered by Sudan and South Sudan in the northwest, Uganda and Kenya in the southwest, and Somalia and Djibouti in the east.

General Information
Official Name: 
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk)
Capitol: 
Addis Ababa
Population: 
90,982,000
Languages: 
Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
1,104,300
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1975
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$51.865 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$1,455 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
7.00 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.44
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
33.00
Unemployment: 
5.70%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
Least Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AU: African Union
COMESA: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
G-24
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
UNISFA: UN Interim Security Force for Abyei
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
866 Second Avenue, Third Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 421-1830
(212) 754-0360
ethiopia@un.int
Profile Completion: 

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