The Hellenic Republic, or Greece, is a country located in southern Europe and borders Albania to the northwest, Turkey to the northeast, and Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia to the North, while bordering the Mediterranean, Ionian, and Aegean seas in its south. In this way the country effectively serves as an intersection of Europe, Asia, and Africa and can therefore interact with all three regions easily. Greece gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830 after a war of independence. The country has a population of around 11 million and is designed as a parliamentary republic.

General Information
Official Name: 
Hellenic Republic, Ελληνική Δημοκρατία (Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía)
Capitol: 
Athens
Population: 
11,040,000
Languages: 
Greek
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
181,990
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1822
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$249.449 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$24,574 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
-3.80 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.85
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
34.30
Unemployment: 
27.90%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
European Community
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECB: European Central Bank
EIB: European Investment Bank
EMU: European Monetary Union
ESA: European Space Agency
EU: European Union
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Schengen Convention
SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
UN Mission
866 Second Avenue, 13th Floor
New York, NY 10017-2905
(212) 888-6900, 479-1300
(212) 888-4440
mission@greeceun.org
Profile Completion: 

View Another Country