Iceland is a Nordic island located between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. With a population of 323,000 and a land area of 39,777 square miles, it is the most sparsely populated country in Europe. Iceland gained complete independence from Denmark in 1944 and is a unitary multiparty republic.

General Information
Official Name: 
Iceland, Ísland
Capitol: 
Reykjavík
Population: 
323,000
Languages: 
Icelandic
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
103,000
Year of UN Membership: 
1946
Year of Present State Formation: 
1944
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$15.898 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$42,585 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
1.90 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.90
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
28.00
Unemployment: 
5.60%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Nordic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
Arctic Council
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CBSS: Council of the Baltic Sea States
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EFTA: European Free Trade Association
EU: European Union
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NC: Nordic Council
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NIB: Nordic Investment Bank
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Schengen Convention
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
800 Third Avenue, 36th Floor
New York, NY 10022
(212) 593-2700, (646) 28 9370
(212) 593-6269
unmission@mfa.is
Profile Completion: 

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