Italy, officially known as the Italian Republic, is a peninsula located in southern Europe which extends into the Mediterranean Sea. It is surrounded by France in the northwest, Switzerland and Lichtenstein in the north, Austria in the northeast and Slovenia in the east. Also, it has two enclaves within its borders San Marino and The Holy See (Vatican City) Italy has a population of over 60 million people and an area of 301,340 sq km.

General Information
Official Name: 
Italian Republic, Repubblica Italiana
Capitol: 
Rome
Population: 
59,960,000
Languages: 
Italian
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
310,336
Year of UN Membership: 
1955
Year of Present State Formation: 
1945
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$2,171.480 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$30,803 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
0.10 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.87
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
31.90
Unemployment: 
12.20%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
European Community
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
AfDB: African Development Bank
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
CBSS: Council of the Baltic Sea States
CD: Community of Democracies
CDB: Caribbean Development Bank
CoEu: Council of Europe
CEI: Central European Initiative
CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECB: European Central Bank
EIB: European Investment Bank
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
EMU: European Monetary Union
ESA: European Space Agency
EU: European Union
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
G-20
G-7
G-8
G-10
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Pacific Alliance
Paris Club
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
PIF: Pacific Islands Forum
Schengen Convention
SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center
SICA: Central American Integration System
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINURSO: UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
UNMOGIP: UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
UNTSO: United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation, Middle East
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
885 Second Avenue, 49th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 486-9191, (646) 840-5300
(212) 486-1036
info.italyun@esteri.it
Profile Completion: 

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