Jamaica is an island country located in the Caribbean. It is 120 miles east of Haiti and the Dominican Republic and roughly 90 miles south of Cuba. The country is approximately 11,000 square kilometers making it the 168th largest in the world and 5th largest in the Caribbean. Jamaica declared its independence from Britain in 1962 and remains a member of the British Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Jamaica, however the head of state remains the prime minister. Jamaica has a unitary parliamentary system with a Senate in the upper house and a House of Representatives in the lower house.

General Information
Official Name: 
Jamaica
Capitol: 
Kingston
Population: 
2,798,000
Languages: 
English
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
10,991
Year of UN Membership: 
1962
Year of Present State Formation: 
1962
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$14.262 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$9,256 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
0.40 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.72
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
45.50
Unemployment: 
15.00%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Small Island Developing State
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AOSIS: Alliance of Small Island States
Commonwealth of Nations (British)
CariCom: Caribbean Community
CDB: Caribbean Development Bank
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
G-15
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
OAS: Organization of American States
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
Petrocaribe
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
767 Third Avenue, 9th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 935-7509
(212) 935-7607
jamaica@un.int
Profile Completion: 

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