"Kyrgyzstan, conventionally known as The Kyrgyz Republic, is a Central Asian country located South of Kazakhstan and West of China with Bishkek as a capital and a population of 5,604,212. It is also bordered by Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and has an area of 199,951 square km, making it the 87th largest nation in the world. Before gaining its independence on August 31th 1990 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia had most of Kyrgyzstan annexed to it in 1876. In 1936, it became a Soviet Republic; lasting 54 years until its full independence.
Concerning politics, Kyrgyzstan is a republic: the president serves for a six-year long term, elected by the Kyrgyz people based on a universal suffrage. The prime minister is normally appointed by the Parliament in the measure in which he or she holds more than half of the seats.
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General Information
Official Name: 
Kyrgyz Republic, Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz Respublikasy) Кыргызская Республика (Kyrgyzskaya Respublika)
Capitol: 
Bishkek
Population: 
5,604,212
Languages: 
Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
199,951
Year of UN Membership: 
1992
Year of Present State Formation: 
1991
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$7.234 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$2,500 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
7.40 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.63
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
33.40
Unemployment: 
7.90%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Islamic Group
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
CICA: Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States
CSTO: Collective Security Treaty Organization
EAEC: Eurasian Economic Community
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECO: Economic Cooperation Organization
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
GCTU: General Confederation of Trade Unions
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
PFP: Partnership for Peace
SCO: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
UNISFA: UN Interim Security Force for Abyei
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 477
New York, NY 10017
(212) 486-4214/4654
(212) 486-5259
www.un.int/kyrgzstan
Profile Completion: 

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