The Republic of Latvia gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Located in Northeastern Europe, Latvia borders Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, and Belarus. Latvia is a republic with an unicameral parliament, called the Saeima, with elections occurring every four years. The population of Latvia is 2,165,165 people. Currently, Latvia is the fastest growing economy in the European Union.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Latvia, Latvijas Republika
Capitol: 
Riga
Population: 
2,165,165
Languages: 
Latvian, Russian
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
64,559
Year of UN Membership: 
1991
Year of Present State Formation: 
1990
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$38.870 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$19,100 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
4.00 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.81
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
35.20
Unemployment: 
10.90%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Eastern European Group
European Community
Nordic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
Australia Group
BA: Baltic Assembly
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CBSS: Council of the Baltic Sea States
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EIB: European Investment Bank
EU: European Union
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NIB: Nordic Investment Bank
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Schengen Convention
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
333 East 50th Street
New York, NY 10022
(212) 838-8877
(212) 838-8920
mission.un-ny@mfa.gov.lv
Profile Completion: 

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