The Republic of Nicaragua is a relatively small country in Central America. It borders Honduras and Costa Rica and comprises part of the isthmus connecting North and South America. Originally part of Spain's massive empire in the Americas, modern Nicaragua became independent in 1821 and today has evolved into a democratic state. The President of Nicaragua is Daniel Ortega, who leads the state of 6 million as its head of state and head of government.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Nicaragua, República de Nicaragua
Capitol: 
Managua
Population: 
6,192,000
Languages: 
Spanish
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
130,375
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1838
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$11.946 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$4,758 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
4.20 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.61
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
40.50
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
BCIE: Central American Bank for Economic Integration
CACM: Central American Common Market
CD: Community of Democracies
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
OAS: Organization of American States
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Petrocaribe
SICA: Central American Integration System
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
820 Second Avenue, 8th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 490-7997
(212) 286-0815
nicaragua@un.int

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