The Federal Republic of Nigeria is on the west coast of Africa, neighboring Benin, Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and the Gulf of Guinea. Nigeria gained it's independence from Great Britain on 1 October 1960, and ever since the government has been modeled after that of the United States of America. That is to say that the executive branch of government can have a maximum of two four-year terms, there is a bicameral legislature, the upper house has three seats per state and the lower house is based on population. Nigeria has three types of laws: they have a derivative of common law from their former British colonization, customary law passed down through indigenous tribal norms, and Sharia law present in the majority Muslim northern part of the country. Nigeria also recently became the largest economy in Africa, surpassing South Africa, and is considered part of the next BRIC-like group of economies, called MINT.

General Information
Official Name: 
Federal Republic of Nigeria, Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya, Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà, Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Àpapọ̀ Nàìjíríà, Lesdi Ndimaaku Federaal e Niiseriya
Capitol: 
Abuja
Population: 
173,938,000
Languages: 
English, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
923,768
Year of UN Membership: 
1960
Year of Present State Formation: 
1960
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$316.035 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$2,997 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
6.20 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.50
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
48.80
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Islamic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AU: African Union
Commonwealth of Nations (British)
CD: Community of Democracies
D-8: Developing Eight
ECOWAS: Economic Community of West African States
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
G-15
G-24
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
OAS: Organization of American States
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINURSO: UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
UNISFA: UN Interim Security Force for Abyei
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
828 Second Avenue
New York, NY 10017
(212)-953-9130
(212)-697-1970
permny@nigeriaunmission.org

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