The State of Qatar is a monarchy located on the Arabian Peninsula. Its almost 4,500 square miles share only one border, with Saudi Arabia; as Qatar is located on the Qatari Peninsula, the rest of its borders open onto the Persian Gulf. Qatar is a monarchy ruled by the Al Thani family. Though the Al Thani family has ruled Qatar since the mid 19th century, their sovereignty was interrupted by a period under the Ottoman Empire, and 55 years as a British Protectorate. Fully independent since 1971, Qatar is one of the richest countries in the world thanks to its significant gas and oil resources.

General Information
Official Name: 
State of Qatar
Capitol: 
Doha
Population: 
2,212,000
Languages: 
Arabic
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
11,571
Year of UN Membership: 
1971
Year of Present State Formation: 
1971
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$213.784 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$96,993 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
5.50 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.85
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
41.40
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Islamic Group
Arab Group
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ABEDA: Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
AFESD: Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AMF: Arab Monetary Fund
CAEU: Council of Arab Economic Unity
CD: Community of Democracies
CICA: Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
LAS/AL: League of Arab States, aka Arab League
OAPEC: Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAS: Organization of American States
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
809 United Nations Plaza, 4th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 486-9335/9336
(212) 758-4952
pmun@mofa.gov.qa

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