The Republic of Korea, more commonly known as South Korea, was one of the "Asian Tigers" whose rapid economic and social development in the latter 20th century was critical in the global shift towards the Pacific in economics and politics. Despite its small size, the Republic of Korea is considered the most developed region of Asia in terms of Human Development (HDI) and with the highest annual median wage (~40,250 USD), outpacing both smaller and larger states--Japan, Singapore, China, India, etc.--in the region by many metrics, and vastly outperforming the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). The split between South and North Korea after the 1953 ceasefire of the Korean War has played a critical role in the geopolitics of East Asia ever since its inception, with South Korea becoming heavily tied to the United States and the western economies, while North Korea allied itself with China, the USSR and other communist states. Following the collapse of the USSR, North Korea has become increasingly isolated and hostile to South Korea, though it claims these actions are defensive and aimed at the imperialist / capitalist powers that control the South Korean government as a proxy state.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Korea, 대한민국 / 大韓民國 (Daehan Minguk)
Capitol: 
Seoul
Population: 
50,437,000
Languages: 
Korean
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
100,210
Year of UN Membership: 
1991
Year of Present State Formation: 
1948
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$1,307.890 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$34,795 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
2.80 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.89
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
31.10
Unemployment: 
3.20%
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
AfDB: African Development Bank
APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARF: ASEAN Regional Forum
ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CD: Community of Democracies
CICA: Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
CP: Colombo Plan
EAS: East Asia Summit
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
G-20
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Pacific Alliance
Paris Club
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
PIF: Pacific Islands Forum
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SICA: Central American Integration System
WCO: World Customs Organization
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINURSO: UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
UNISFA: UN Interim Security Force for Abyei
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
UNMOGIP: UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
335 East 45th Street
New York, NY 10017
(212) 439-4000
(212) 986-1083
korea.un@mofa.go.kr

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