Romania (/roʊˈmeɪniə/ roh-may-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a]) is a country in south-eastern Europe which borders Hungary, Serbia, Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria, as well as the western shore of the Black Sea. It has a population of around 21 million people and covers 238,391 square kilometers. Romania's capital and largest city is Bucharest.

General Information
Official Name: 
Romania
Capitol: 
Bucharest
Population: 
19,942,642
Languages: 
Romanian
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
238,391
Year of UN Membership: 
1955
Year of Present State Formation: 
1989
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$202.153 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$13,932 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
3.50 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.79
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
33.20
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Eastern European Group
European Community
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
CBSS: Council of the Baltic Sea States
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
CEI: Central European Initiative
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EIB: European Investment Bank
ESA: European Space Agency
EU: European Union
G-9
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
573-577 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10016
(212) 682-3273
(212) 682-9746
romania@un.int

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