Sao Tome and Principe (Portuguese: São Tomé and Príncipe), officially the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island country in Western and Central Africa. The islands, located off the western coast of the country of Gabon, comprise 964 square kilometers and are inhabited by about 190,000 people, making Sao Tome and Principe the second-smallest country in Africa. The islands were originally discovered and settled by Portuguese explorers in the late 15th century, and gained independence in 1975.

General Information
Official Name: 
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Capitol: 
Sao Tome
Population: 
195,000
Languages: 
Portugese
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
964
Year of UN Membership: 
1975
Year of Present State Formation: 
1975
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$0.362 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$2,293 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
4.50 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.56
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
50.80
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Least Developed Country
Small Island Developing State
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AOSIS: Alliance of Small Island States
AU: African Union
CD: Community of Democracies
CPLP: Comuinidade dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
UN Mission
675 Third Ave, Suite 1807
New York, NY 10022
(212) 651-8116
(212) 651-8117
stp@un.int

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