The Federal Republic of Somalia is an East African country with 10.4 million inhabitants. Somalia is bordered by Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, and the Arabian Sea. Somalia is governed by a federalist republic, with an executive administrative branch, a parliamentary legislative branch and a judiciary. A former British and Italian protectorate, Somalia gained independence in 1960, and the government has endured multiple transitions of power, both violent and peaceful.

General Information
Official Name: 
Federal Republic of Somalia, Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية (Jumhūriyyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fiderāliyya)
Capitol: 
Mogadishu
Population: 
10,428,043
Languages: 
Somali, Arabic
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
637,657
Year of UN Membership: 
1960
Year of Present State Formation: 
1960
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$5.896 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$600 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
2.60 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.36
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Least Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Islamic Group
Arab Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AFESD: Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AMF: Arab Monetary Fund
AU: African Union
CAEU: Council of Arab Economic Unity
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
LAS/AL: League of Arab States, aka Arab League
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
425 East 61st Street, Suite 702,
New York, NY 10021
(212) 688-9410
(212) 759-0651
somalia@un.int

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