The Republic of Turkey is a country located in both Western Asia and Southeastern Europe. It has an area of almost 800,000 square kilometers, and borders Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Iraq, and Syria. Modern Turkey was established in 1923 after a war of Independence against European colonial powers, and its current government is a constitutional republic. The government of Turkey is secular, and there is no state religion, although almost all Turkish citizens are Muslim.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Turkey, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Capitol: 
Ankara
Population: 
77,324,000
Languages: 
Turkish
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
783,562
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1923
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$767.066 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$15,767 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
3.80 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.76
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
40.20
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Islamic Group
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research
CICA: Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
D-8: Developing Eight
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECO: Economic Cooperation Organization
EU: European Union
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
G-20
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Pacific Alliance
Paris Club
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
885 United Nations Plaza, 10th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 949-0150
(212) 949-0086
turkey@un.int

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