The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is bordered by Colombia, Brazil, and Guyana in the South American region. Venezuela borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic ocean. It is a notable country for its rich oil deposits and its longtime dictator, Hugo Chavez. Since his death, Nicolas Maduro was elected as President. Venezuela was under a system of socialism under Chavez, and officially remains a democratic system. Despite the abundance of oil in the country, Venezuelans largely remain poor and income inequality and unemployment tends to be high.

General Information
Official Name: 
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Capitol: 
Caracas
Population: 
30,457,000
Languages: 
Spanish
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
916,445
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1830
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$209.226 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$17,917 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
1.60 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.76
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
39.00
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
CariCom: Caribbean Community
CD: Community of Democracies
CDB: Caribbean Development Bank
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
G-15
G-24
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
LAS/AL: League of Arab States, aka Arab League
MercoSur: Southern Common Market
OAS: Organization of American States
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Petrocaribe
UNASUR: Union of South American Nations
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
335 East 46th Street
New York, NY 10017
(212) 557-2055
(212) 557-3528
venezuela@un.int

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