The Committee for Programme & Community (CPC) is different from other bodies usually simulated at MUN conferences. The committee was established by ECOSOC Resolution 920 in 1961, but it also reports to the General Assembly. Its mandate is to evaluate the ways in which various parts of the UN System work together and collaborate in pursuit of the UN’s overall goals. As international issues are often multifaceted, attracting the attention of many different parts of the UN System, the CPC’s task is to ensure that political, economic, and humanitarian, work is conducted in a way where each part of the UN is supporting the others rather than working against them. After collecting information and evaluating how programs are being run, the CPC makes suggestions to ECOSOC, the General Assembly, and the Secretariat about how what improvements could be made turning future legislation into tangible action.
Topic A: Preventing and Mitigating Election-Related Violence
Electoral violence is both a type of political violence and electoral fraud. It has been defined by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as “acts or threats of coercion, intimidation, or physical harm perpetrated to affect an electoral process or that arise in the context of electoral competition.” For perpetrators of election-related violence, the goal is generally to prevent those with opposing views from gaining or maintaining political power. This goal can be accomplished by directly threatening the opposition candidates or, more commonly, by threatening voting groups who are likely to support said candidates. Ethnic groups sometimes coalesce around specific candidates, for example, increasing the likelihood of inter-ethnic conflict during elections. Politicians may also use racial, gender, or religious divisions to mobilize bases of support, which can lead to targeted violence against these specific groups. Aligned with the UN’s goal of ensuring that people have access to accountable and inclusive institutions, the Committee for Programme and Coordination (CPC) aims to “strengthen [member state’s] democratic processes and develop, improve and refine their electoral institutions and processes.” In summary, the CPC works to ensure electoral assessment reports include gender specific analyses, to form electoral partnerships with regional organizations, and to assess all United Nations wide electoral policies, among other responsibilities related to the documentation and protection of both voters and fair elections.
Topic B: Implementation of the Sendai Framework in Developing States
In 2015, the General Assembly adopted the Sendai Framework, which is known for being the foundation of new protocols in disaster risk reduction. The intention of this agreement is to provide clear, implementable actions for member states, in order to protect against the risk of disaster. Between 2005 and 2015, over 700,000 people lost their lives, 1.4 million were injured, and 23 million lost their homes due to disasters. Women, children, and other vulnerable individuals were disproportionately affected. Inhabitants of disaster-prone areas within developing countries are often left to endure the danger of disasters without adequate assistance. The Sendai Framework is designed to account for various types of disasters, ranging from environmental, technological, and biological hazards. As climate change, poverty, and a multitude of other factors exacerbate the damage of disasters, it is vital that the global community strives to understand disaster risk, strengthen disaster risk governance, invest in disaster risk reduction for resilience, and enhance disaster preparedness for effective responses. As the General Assembly has already established the need for an agreement like the Sendai Framework, it is now in the hands of the CPC to evaluate its impact on an international scale.