Historical Crisis: Japanese National Diet

Historical Crisis: Japanese National Diet


Committee Overview:

NHSMUN’s philosophy on crisis-oriented committees is that all crisis elements should contribute to a student’s understanding of the body being simulated. Therefore, we strive to simulate only UN bodies, governments, and other important international organizations. In these committees, delegates are challenged not only to have a strong understanding of the topic at hand and their assigned role in it, but also to be creative and flexible as confounding problems arise. By having delegates think critically about how their body would react to different crises, delegates strengthen their appreciation for the decision making that takes place within these bodies. This committee will simulate the leadership of the Japanese National Diet (the primary legislative body of the country) in the immediate wake of World War II. Delegates will be faced with two general challenges about how to rebuild the damaged country while under foreign occupation while also restoring relations with Japan’s neighbors, many of which are facing their own periods of reconstruction following Japanese occupation.

Topic: A Nation’s Rise from Ruins – Post-WWII Japanese Reconstruction (1946)

WWII was officially ended after Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signed the Japanese surrender with the Allied Powers. In the aftermath of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima and the vast reorganization of the country into the war economy, and Japan has been left devastated. Countless lives have been lost, and the nation’s leaders are in a peculiar position regarding Japan’s relationship with the world, particularly the countries it had expanded into over the previous century. In the year 1946, and General Douglas MacArthur has been appointed by President Harry S. Truman to be Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP). The SCAP, along with the Japanese National Diet (Japan’s House of Representatives), must execute a plan to revitalize the nation while under military occupation. Japan is pressed to legislate and implement a new constitution for its nation rising from the ashes, and officials must find a way to restore stability and security to Japan and its citizens. Will Japan be able to navigate the heavy political climate and triumph over the obstacles in its path? Will the Commander for the Allied Powers and the National Diet be up to the task of saving the once great nation of Japan?

Committee Details