Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South and Central Asia. With a population of about 28 million, it has an area of 647,500 km, making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the southeast, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and the People's Republic of China in the far northeast.

General Information
Official Name: 
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
Capitol: 
Kabul
Population: 
31,280,000
Languages: 
Pashto, Dari
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
652,230
Year of UN Membership: 
1946
Year of Present State Formation: 
1747
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$21.470 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$1,178 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
3.10 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.47
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
27.80
Unemployment: 
8.50%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
Least Developed Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Islamic Group
Arab Group
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ADB: Asian Development Bank
CICA: Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
CP: Colombo Plan
ECO: Economic Cooperation Organization
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SACEP: South Asia Co-operative Environment Program
SCO: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
633 Third Avenue, 27th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 972-1212
(212) 972-1216
info@afghanistan-un.org
Nearest Transit Stop: 
Grand Central - 42 St (0.1 mi NW)
Profile Completion: 

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