Belize (/bəˈliːz/) is a country situated in Central America. Previously knows as British Honduras and former British colony, Belize obtained its independence in 1981 and joined in that same year the Commonwealth. Belize is the only Central American country with English as its official language. Its type of government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Geographically the country is bordered by Mexico in the north and Guatemala in the west and in the south.