The Republic of Haiti is located in Central America, more specifically in the Caribbean. It shares an island with the Dominican Republic. Its other closest neighbors are Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Turks and Caicos. Haiti is home to just under 10 million people, 1/5 of which live in the country's capital, Port-Au-Prince. Haiti is a republic, with a president, bicameral legislature, and a court system. The size of this country is 27750 sq km, or 17243 sq miles. Haiti gained its independence from France on January 1, 1804.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Haiti, République d'Haïti, Repiblik Ayiti
Capitol: 
Port-au-Prince
Population: 
10,461,000
Languages: 
French, Creole
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
27,750
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1844
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$8.980 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$1,370 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
3.40 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.47
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
59.20
Unemployment: 
7.10%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Least Developed Country
Small Island Developing State
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AOSIS: Alliance of Small Island States
CariCom: Caribbean Community
CD: Community of Democracies
CDB: Caribbean Development Bank
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
OAS: Organization of American States
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Petrocaribe
Union Latina
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
801 Second Avenue, Room 600
New York, NY 10017
(212) 370-4840
(212) 661-8698
haiti@un.int
Profile Completion: 

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