The Republic of Haiti is located in Central America, more specifically in the Caribbean. It shares an island with the Dominican Republic. Its other closest neighbors are Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Turks and Caicos. Haiti is home to just under 10 million people, 1/5 of which live in the country's capital, Port-Au-Prince. Haiti is a republic, with a president, bicameral legislature, and a court system. The size of this country is 27750 sq km, or 17243 sq miles. Haiti gained its independence from France on January 1, 1804.