The Republic of Honduras is located in Central America. It borders the Caribbean Sea between Guatemala and Nicaragua and the Gulf of Fonseca in the North Pacific Ocean between El Salvador and Nicaragua. Honduras won its independence from Spain in 1821, after which it went through a period of military rule until an elected civilian government arose in 1982. Today it is a democratic constitutional republic. Its constitution has been changed multiple times, most recently in 2012. It has a civil law system, a chief of state and a head of government (the president is both). The size the country in area is 112, 0090 square kilometers, of which 111,890 square kilometers is land.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Honduras, República de Honduras
Capitol: 
Tegucigalpa
Population: 
8,264,000
Languages: 
Spansh
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
112,492
Year of UN Membership: 
1945
Year of Present State Formation: 
1838
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$19.567 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$4,959 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
2.80 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.62
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
57.70
Unemployment: 
4.20%
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Latin America Group
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
BCIE: Central American Bank for Economic Integration
CACM: Central American Common Market
CD: Community of Democracies
CELAC: Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
G-11
IADB: Inter-American Development Bank
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
LAES/SELA: Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
ALADI/LAIA: Latin American Integration Association
OPANAL: Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
Pacific Alliance
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Petrocaribe
SICA: Central American Integration System
Union Latina
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 417
New York, NY 10017
(212) 752-3370/3371
(212) 223-0498
honduras_un@hotmail.com
Profile Completion: 

View Another Country