The sultanate of Oman is located on the eastern coast of the arabian peninsula. The sultanate came to power in the mid 1500s, overthrowing the portugese for control of the land, and becoming a powerful force in world affairs in the process. The sultanate once exerted influence across parts of Asia and Africa, and while that power slowly dwindled, the sultanate has remained. Oman is an absolute monarchy, with a sultan acting as head of the legislative, judiciary, and executive branches of government. Laws are issued by decree. The country is routinely criticized for a lack of human rights, and no criticism of the regime is tolerated. The country is mostly a desert, with scorching temperatures and minimal rainfall.

General Information
Official Name: 
Sultanate of Oman, سلطنة عُمان (Salṭanat ʻUmān)
Capitol: 
Muscat
Population: 
3,288,000
Languages: 
Arabic
Geographic Region: 
Geographic Size (km sq): 
309,500
Year of UN Membership: 
1971
Year of Present State Formation: 
1741
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$82.254 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$30,325 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
5.10 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
0.78
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
History
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Islamic Group
Arab Group
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ABEDA: Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
AFESD: Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AMF: Arab Monetary Fund
CAEU: Council of Arab Economic Unity
GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
LAS/AL: League of Arab States, aka Arab League
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
305 East 47th street, 12th floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 355-3505/3506/3507
(212) 644-0070
oman@un.int

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