Australia is located in the South Eastern hemisphere of the world and is closest to New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. It is specifically located on the continent Oceania which is between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. The government type is a parliamentary democracy and has ties to the British Commonwealth. Australian independence from being a UK Colony to a nation is 1 January 1901. There are three branches of Australian government, executive, judicial and legislative. The Chief of State is Queen Elizabeth II but the government is run by Prime Minister Anthony John Abbott since September 2013.