Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic in central Europe. The landlocked state has a total area of 83,871 sq. kilometers, making it the 114th largest country in terms of size. It is bordered by Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Italy and Slovenia to the south, and Switzerland and Lichtenstein to the west. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919 following the end of World War I but was taken over by Nazi Germany in 1938, and Austria did not regain political independence until 1955. According to a July 2014 estimate, Austria’s population is approximately 8 million people, making it the 95th largest country in terms of population.