The country of Bhutan is a 14,824 square mile landlocked country in South Asia, geographically located eastward of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by China to the north and by India in all other directions. Bhutan is one of the few countries in history that has remained independent since its formation. Additionally, Bhutan is the only country to have officially adopted gross national happiness as the main development indicator. In 2007 Bhutan’s governmental structure reformed from the Indo-Bhutan Treaty of 1949 to a constitutional monarchy under rule of its current King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay. As a part of this new structure, its lawmaking bodies are controlled by the Upper and Lower house, alternatively referred to as the National Council and National assembly.