Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. With a population of about 27 million, it has an area of 147,181 square km, making it the 41st most populous and 93rd largest nation in the world. It is bordered by India in the southwest and by China in the northeast. Interestingly, Nepal is unique in the United Nations by virtue of two idiosyncrasies. First, it has the only non-rectangular flag, and second it is the only country which measures its annual economic progress not by GDP growth, but by overall happiness of its citizens.

General Information
Official Name:
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl)
Geographic Region:
Southern Asia
Geographic Size (km sq):
Year of UN Membership:
Year of Present State Formation:
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal):
$18.166 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted):
$1,576 (CID)
GDP Growth:
3.60 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI):
Gini Index (Income Inequality):
Foreign Aid Recieved:
$769.70Million (USD)
Economic Grouping:
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
Least Developed Country
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses:
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Asian Group
Major International & Regional Organizations:
ADB: Asian Development Bank
BIMSTEC: Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
CD: Community of Democracies
CP: Colombo Plan
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SACEP: South Asia Co-operative Environment Program
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations:
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions:
MINURSO: UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
MINUSTAH: UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon
UNISFA: UN Interim Security Force for Abyei
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire
UNTSO: United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation, Middle East
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
820 Second Avenue, Suite 17B
New York, NY 10017
(212) 370-3988/3989
(212) 953-2038
Nearest Transit Stop:
Grand Central Terminal

View Another Country