Niger was formed in 1960, liberating itself from the colonial administration of France, but functioned under military rule until 1991. The country exists in north-western Africa, north of Nigeria, south of Algeria and Libya, east of Mali, and west of Chad. The conventional long form for the country is Republic of Niger. Given that the country functions under a history of French colonialism, the language of the government is French. The constitution has been consistently restructured, as recently as 2010, and the country is a republic with universal suffrage and a mixed legal system of French civil law, Islamic law, and local customary law. The country is constituted of nearly seventeen and a half million people, and is the 22nd largest country in the world. Despite its large size, only 11.79% of the land is arable.

General Information
Official Name:
Republic of Niger, République du Niger
French, Hausa, Fulfude, Gourmanchem, Kanuri, Zarma
Geographic Region:
Western Africa
Geographic Size (km sq):
Year of UN Membership:
Year of Present State Formation:
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal):
$8.400 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted):
$870 (CID)
GDP Growth:
6.20 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI):
Gini Index (Income Inequality):
Economic Grouping:
Developing Country
Landlocked Developing Country
Least Developed Country
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses:
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Islamic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations:
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AU: African Union
CD: Community of Democracies
ECOWAS: Economic Community of West African States
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
FZ: Franc Zone
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
WADB: West African Development Bank
WAEMU: West African Economic and Monetary Union
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations:
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions:
MINUSCA: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the C.African Republic
MONUSCO: UN Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
417 East 50th Street
New York, NY 10022
(212) 421-3260/3261/3286
(212) 753-6931

View Another Country