Timor-Leste, more commonly referred to as East Timor, is a maritime country located in Southeast Asia composed of four main islands and sharing a border with Indonesian West Timor. The country is fairly small in terms of geographical size, only covering an area of 5,7432 square miles (14,874 kilometers squared.) Timor-Leste was originally a Portuguese colony up until it declared independence in the year 1975. Its freedom was short lived, however, as it was invaded by Indonesia in the following year and was not granted independence until the year 1999. It became the first new country in the 21st century when it officially established the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste in May of 2002.